Why Is Bluetooth Called Bluetooth?

Bluetooth is named after a 10th century Scandinavian King, know the story behind it

The introduction of Bluetooth in technology came as a revolution, which not only improved the utility of mobile phones, but also made sharing of files a pushover. It gave a new meaning to the world of wireless communication. But have you ever pondered how Bluetooth got its name in the first place? Have you ever wondered where the origins of the term “Bluetooth” came from?

However, there is a very interesting story behind this.

In 1996, a number of companies – Intel, Ericsson, Nokia, and later IBM – were looking to standardize the industry around a short-range radio link for doing a number of things. Each company had been developing their own short-range radio technologies, but all the names they came up with sucked. That is when an obscure Scandanavian king came from the Middle Ages.

King Harald Gormsson is famous for ruling Denmark and then Norway between about 940 and about 986. King Harald was also famous for completing his father’s work of unifying the various Danish tribes into one Danish kingdom around 970. Even though, he was only able to maintain this unification for a few years.

Like many medieval rulers, he also had a nickname: Blatonn in Old Norse (a member of the Germanic family of languages) or Blatand in Danish. It means Bluetooth. The exact origin of the nickname is up for debate, but many scholars believe that King Harald was called Bluetooth because he had a conspicuous dead tooth that exactly looked black and blue. It does make sense.

So, what does a turn-of-the-last-millennium Viking king have to do with wireless communication? He was a uniter!

In the mid-1990s, the wireless communication field needed some uniting. Many corporations were developing competing, non-compatible standards. Several people saw this growing division as a weakness to widespread adoption of wireless.

That is when Intel engineer Jim Kardach took on the role of a cross-corporate mediator devoted to getting various companies together to develop an industry-wide standard for low-power, short-range radio connectivity. He was equally supported by Ericsson engineer Sven Mattisson.

While having a conversation on history, Mattisson told Kardach that he had just read a book called The Longships by Frans G. Bengtsson that compiled the travels of Danish warriors under the reign of King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson. Later, Kardach read The Vikings by Gwyn Jones that featured the reign of Harald, whom he viewed as an ideal symbol for bringing competing parties together, as he explained:

“Bluetooth was borrowed from the 10th-century, second king of Denmark, King Harald Bluetooth; who was famous for uniting Scandinavia just as we intended to unite the PC and cellular industries with a short-range wireless link.”

“Harald had united Denmark and Christianized the Danes!” Kardach wrote in a column a decade later. “It occurred to me that this would make a good codename for the program.”

All the different interested parties finally came together to form the Bluetooth Special Interest Group, which developed the agreed-upon standard we know and love today. “Bluetooth” was originally meant to be just a code name for the technology. It ultimately ended up sticking though and became the official name of the standard.

The millennium-old story doesn’t end there. The Bluetooth logo also derives from “Harald Blatand”, with the long-branch Nordic runes for “H” and “B” comprising the design you see in the blue oval of the logo. The now iconic Bluetooth logo is in fact a combination—officially known as a bind rune—of King Bluetooth’s initials in Scandinavian runes: ᚼ and ᛒ. When you join the two to make a bind rune and drop it on a blue background, you get the acquainted Bluetooth logo.

So, this is how, we got this name and the symbol! Interesting, isn’t it?

Source By techworm…

Google launches new API to help understand machine language

Google launches new cloud service that will help you parse natural language

Google launched a new open beta Cloud Natural Language API on Wednesday to expand its intelligent cloud developer tools and help developers create applications that understand human language. This new API will give developers entrance to Google-powered view analysis, syntax analysis, and entity recognition.

This new API joins Google’s other pre-trained machine-learning APIs like a Cloud Speech API, that is now also accessible in open beta, a Vision API and a Translate API.

Currently, the new Cloud Natural Language API supports texts in English, Japanese and Spanish. Google here is looking to offer a service “that can meet a scale and opening needs of developers and enterprises in an extended operation of industries.”

It’s an important move for Google, as public cloud providers are competing to host new applications put together with intelligent capabilities. Natural language processing allows developers to build apps that can tackle the challenging task of understanding how humans communicate, and it is important for things like building intelligent assistants and chat bots.

The new API as previously stated will support three different types of analysis. Sentiment analysis will help you understand the overall sentiment of a block of text, entity recognition will allow you to identify the most relevant entities for a block of text and label them with types such as person, organization, location, events, products and media and will perform the basic function of identifying parts of speech and creating dependency parse trees for each sentence to disclose the structure and meaning of text.

The natural language API entered public beta along with Google’s already-announced Speech API, which allows applications take in recorded voice clips and get text back. It is possible for developers to build an app by connecting the two APIs that can listen to a user’s voice and then understand what that person is saying. The service is available in 80 different languages and it is the core that powers products such as Google Search and Google Now. Apparently, more than 5,000 companies signed up for Speech API alpha.

By launching these two services in beta, Google carries on its competition against the Amazon, Microsoft, and IBM, which are also introducing intelligent capabilities in their public cloud platforms.

Source By techworm…

WhatsApp to get a new Font but you can use it right now with this hack

Here is how you can start using WhatsApps new ‘FixedSys’ font even before it is officially released

Are you bored with WhatsApp’s age old font? Don’t worry because WhatsApp is bringing an all new font to you in its next release. The font which looks pretty similar to Windows’ FixedSys is being rolled out in the next WhatsApp version v2.16.179 beta on Android.  FoneArena has reported that the feature is available on iOS beta as well.

The beta version is available on to those who have signed up for Google Play’s beta program. However, even if you have not signed up for Google Play’s beta program, here is a hack that will let you try the new WhatsApp font and surprise your friends.

To use the new font all you need to do is put three grave accent symbol (`) before and after a word or a sentence which you want to modify. However, it seems when it rolls out globally the font won’t need the symbols because it can’t be used with other formatting options like bold and italics.

For example: “`hi“` will show hi in the new font on WhatsApp.

The world’s most popular cross platform messaging App is doing all the right things to keep its users hooked 24×7 on WhatsApp. It had recently rolled out some new features to beta like ‘mentions’ and ‘group invite links’ that are still to reach stable versions. While mentions is a feature to grab your friends attention is a group chat similar to tagging a friend on Facebook, group invite link now lets you invite your friends to a WhatsApp group.

Source By techworm…

Android N’s new Keyboard is now available on Google Play for all devices

Google Keyboard 5.1 is now rolling out in the Play Store

Back in May, Google had given a little sneak preview of Google Keyboard version 5.1 in the Android N’s (Nougat) third developer preview. The search giant has now gone ahead and introduced the new Google Keyboard 5.1 app alongside Android N’s third preview release. Google Keyboard 5.1 is rolling out across the Play store for all devices now.

The updated Keyboard 5.1 app has one of the better new features of Android N and comes with a range of new coloured themes and more emojis and ever, plus the ability to add your own typing background images. It will also find the key boarder toggle, which gives keys a bit of extra visibility when you type. The new version also includes Unicode 9 emoji with selectable skin tone, which will only work on Android N and not older versions of Google’s mobile OS.

Note that this is a staggered roll-out, so if you haven’t received the newest version yet, you will need to check again later. However, fortunately, you can download Android N today.

You can also download the new version of Google Keyboard from Google Play.

Source By techworm…

WhatsApp for Symbian to Stop Working on December 31

HIGHLIGHTS
  • WhatsApp suggests switching to Android, iOS, or Windows Phone
  • In 2017, WhatsApp will end support for its Symbian app
  • Apart from Nokia’s Symbian, WhatsApp also pulling the plug for BlackBerry

WhatsApp has started notifying Symbian users that the app will stop working on the platform on December 31. The Facebook-owned messaging app earlier this year had announced that it will drop support for several mobile operating systems from 2017, including Nokia’s dated Symbian.

A notification about the end of WhatsApp support for the platform has started popping up to Symbian users worldwide. The message reads, “Unfortunately, you won’t be able to use WhatsApp after 31/12/2016 because WhatsApp will no longer support your phone.” All About Symbian first reported the end-of-life date for the WhatsApp app.

To recall, WhatsApp back in February had announced the end of support for Symbian alongside BlackBerry. The messaging service had suggested users to upgrade to a newer Android, iPhone, or Windows Phone before the end of 2016 to continue using WhatsApp. The company had emphasised how much the market changed in the years since WhatsApp was launched in 2009. Previously, Android and iOS platforms were running on less than 25 percent of the devices, while BlackBerry and Nokia’s operating systems dominated the market with roughly a 70 percent share. WhatsApp’s decision to pull the plug on Symbian and BlackBerry however recaps how the platforms have lost popularity.

Apart from BlackBerry and Symbian, WhatsApp announced end of support for Windows Phone 7.1, and Android 2.2 or below.

One of the biggest reason why WhatsApp was ending the support was these operating systems weren’t offering the “kind of capabilities,” the messaging service needed to expand its app’s features in the future.

BlackBerry had soon after said that it was extremely disappointed with WhatsApp’s decision to abandon its platform.

Source by gadgets.ndtv…

Freedom 251 story might be over, just look at the Ringing Bells website

Freedom 251 deliveries are supposed to start today with a lucky draw for 5,000 names

Freedom 251, the world’s cheapest smartphone priced at $4 (Rs 251), is supposed to start getting delivered today. But if you go to Ringing Bells’ website, there’s little to inspire faith in these new claims.The landing page has no mention of Freedom 251. The top six devices mentioned are the new phones, four of them feature phones, all priced between Rs 699-Rs 4999. Yes, this makes you wonder why a company which a Rs 251 smartphone is even making a feature phones that cost Rs 699, almost three times the price of the former.

Meanwhile, the so-called Freedom LED TV is listed as ‘Comming soon’. Remember, the company claims it has 1 lakh units of this cheap Rs 9,990 LED TV in stock. Yet, on the website, it only gets mentioned as ‘Comming’ soon. And clicking on that doesn’t take you anywhere.

Ringing Bells has promised that 5,000 units of the Freedom 251 will be delivered to customers on July 8, followed by a second batch with a similar number of units. This is a far cry from the 2 lakh units of Freedom 251 the company claimed it will deliver. And all indications are that Ringing Bells has shifted focus to other phones now.

Ringing Bells CEO Mohit Goel had promised a ‘lucky draw’ for people who would get the phone at the launch event. The launch event happened yesterday, but not the lucky draw. No surprises there.

Clicking on the products tab on the site shows the list of phones, and it is here you see Freedom 251 hidden away. For a company which rose to fame on the hype around this Rs 251 smartphone, it sure doesn’t want to give much prominence to the product that has created all this buzz.

There’s no option to buy the Freedom 251 and all you can see are the specs, other features highlighted. To be honest, none of this should come as a shock to anyone who has followed this story.

We have noted in several earlier pieces that the Ringing Bells’ story on Freedom 251 has only managed to send alarm bells ringing. The company’s befuddling maths justifying the Rs 251 price tag never quite made sense. Most industry experts agree: the cheapest smartphone with these kind of specs will cost Rs 2,500 to make at least.

Also subsidising the price of this phone would require deep pockets, and given we don’t know how Ringing Bells is financing itself, this is another mystery. Then Mohit Goel, Ringing Bells’ Directory issued a statement saying the company needs Rs 50,000 crore from the government to fulfill all these 7.5 crore orders for Freedom 251.

But it is clear this company has some ambitions in this mobile space, or at least is keen to project them on the website. The Ringing Bells website has a section called ‘Distributors’ where it is claims to be one of the ‘fastest growing smartphone’ companies in India, and points out certain criteria its distributors need to follow.

These are “Minimum floor area required for Ringing Bells store should be more than 500-600 sq. feet for RING BELL priority dealers… The outlet or store should be in high street area like main market, malls etc. Preferably in metros or tier II cities…You will have to keep at least 5 employees for RING BELL priority dealership. Those employee salary would be paid by Ringing Bells Pvt. Ltd. and daily expenses would be borne by Franchisee…”

For a brand that is virtually unknown these are pretty high-end demands to make on distributors. And then there’s the fact that in the past Ringing Bells claimed it will subside costs for Freedom 251 by going for an online only model. But if it is indeed looking for distributors, then clearly this ‘online’ model narrative has long been done away with by the company.

If you look at the Ringing Bells website one thing is clear: Freedom 251’s story is over. It’s all about Elegance and Elegant, and nope they won’t cost $4.

Source By indianexpress…

Apple iPhone 7 expected to arrive with 32GB base storage

The much-talked about upcoming iPhone 7 seems to have one more feature checked off its list as confirmed by the WSJ today. According to the same, the Apple iPhone 7 will feature a 32GB base model, which also makes us wonder whether it will bump up the models at the other end of the range to a 256GB model.

And it is certainly good news, because paying a premium price for a flagship smartphone and getting just 16GB of internal storage simply seems a bit unjust these days (more so because it’s not expandable). Apple moving its base iPhone model to a 32GB version is a first and it would make for an attractive package for those who until now rejected the idea of paying up for the base model (and instead went for an Android device) due to the limited storage.

Coming to the other end of the range, Apple’s most high-end offering in the iPhone line up is the iPhone 6s Plus 128GB model. It retails at a shocking price tag in every market and since Apple has upped things at the bottom end, there is a possibility that it may add a 256GB variant of the iPhone 7 “Pro” or the iPhone 7 Plus. According to many rumours Apple may introduce a iPhone 7 Pro this year with some additional functionality (we did notice a Smart Connector on the back in a leaked image). If it comes with a “Pro” tag, it would be a bit inconsistent, if Apple offered a 128GB model at the top end considering that the high-end iPad Pro (9.7 and 12.9 inch) models feature 256GB storage options. And who does not like to have more storage space?

Let’s just hope that Apple ups the RAM modules as well and we have 3GB RAM on the iPhone 7 Plus (or Pro) models showing up this year. As the same is expected to double in the iPhone 8 anyways. This would make the iPhone 7 a worthy, future-proof option for upgraders instead of waiting for the iPhone 8.

Source by tech.firstpost…

Android Nougat : Google’s Android 7.0 Gets A Name

Google’s Android N 7.0 name is officially Nougat and not Nutella

After months of conjecturing, its not Android Nutella but Android Nougat. Google’s officially announced the name for the Android 7.0 version as Android Nougat.

Finally, Google has disclosed the name of its next Android N version, which is not the widely speculated Nutella but ‘Nougat.’ Interestingly, the search giant chose Snapchat as one of the platforms to reveal the name for the first time.

The search giant had announced a competition at this year’s Google I/O developer conference in May, wherein you had to name the forthcoming Android version, dubbed as Android N.

All Android versions are named after popular desserts. The latest version Android Nougat is based after a popular dessert which originated in Europe.

The company had earlier in the day displayed the various statues demonstrating all the dessert-named versions of Android, before unveiling the new statue for Android Nougat in a short video story.

It also exhibited some of other the names that had considered, though it didn’t disclose if Nougat was one of the top choice in its pick-a-name user contest.

The Android N was first displayed by Google in March through a developer preview. In the upcoming version, the company has introduced support for multiple apps on the same window. Android N will also allow users to open two apps in split-screen mode on Nexus devices in addition to other smartphones and tablets that get the OS later on.

The OS will automatically gauge and change the screen display of various apps, but a user can himself reconstruct it too with new measurements. For instance, the users can keep tweeting while watching a video on YouTube.

Users can now have up to nine toggles in a single screen with ‘Quick Settings’ feature in Android N, and access more of the toggles by swiping to the right.

Doze, a feature that was introduced with Android Marshmallow, too gets some enhancements. With Android 7.0, Doze will work not only when your smartphone is not in use, but also when the screen is turned off. This is expected to enhance the battery life of devices.

Another significant feature of the new OS is that Android N will allow users to block phone numbers at the system level, which means directly from apps like Messenger, Hangouts, or Dialler. Other apps on the device will also block it without any action required from the user’s side, if a number has been blocked at system-level.

Source By techworm…

Google is testing an internet speed tool in its search results

Soon get your Internet speed with“Check Internet Speed” in Google search

Next time you want to know your Internet speed, just type in “Check Internet Speed” in your Google search box and you will be surprised by the result. Forget Ookla and other speed test apps, Google will soon be giving you, your internet speeds directly in your Google search box.

It looks like everyone wants to have their own “speed tests” these days. After, Netflix’s fast.com and Microsoft’s Bing speed test widget, it’s now the turn of Google to launch its own speed test.

The search giant is reported to be trying out a way for people to allow them to check their internet speed by simply typing “check internet speed” into search.

Pete Meyers posted a screenshot on Twitter showing the Google speed test tool in their search results. The tests were performed by Google’s Measurement Lab tools. The inline speed test tool might work like calculator, currency, conversion tools on search results.

View image on Twitter

View image on Twitter

As per the image shared by Meyers, Google internet speed test will consume less than 40MB of data and will check your internet speed in less than 30 seconds. However, the full speed test image is not shared.

Currently, the new internet speed test result in search results is under testing and it is not showing up for all users. The test measures download speed, upload speed, and latency. According to Google, the best internet connections have high download and upload speeds but low latency.

It is unclear as to when will Google release the new internet speed test tool on its search results. There are also chances that the speed test tool may never come on Google, as it not necessary that all tests done by the search giant becomes a reality.

Source By techworm…

 

WhatsApp users are making 100 million voice calls per day

Facebook owned WhatsApp said it is working to make the feature even better in the months to come.

WhatsApp has announced over 100 million voice calls are made everyday using the app. It said, the numbers translate to over 1,100 calls a second. WhatsApp calling was introduced in April last year.

“For more than a year, people have used WhatsApp Calling to talk with friends and family around the world. It’s a great way to stay in touch, especially when connecting with people in other countries, or when messages alone won’t do,” WhatsApp said in a blogpost.

“Today, more than 100 million voice calls are made every day on WhatsApp – that’s over 1,100 calls a second,” it added. Facebook owned WhatsApp said it is working to make the feature even better in the months to come.

The announcement comes at a time when the messaging platform is rumoured to be working on video-calling feature. The feature was earlier spotted in an Android beta build, but later taken off. We’ll have to wait and see when WhatsApp finally launches the video-calling feature.

WhatsApp recently added a host of new features to make its platform both convenient and fun. It rolled out a new feature for its Android beta testers that lets users quote a specific message and reply to it.

It is reportedly looking to add GIF support to its iOS app. The company added support to share documents, like PDFs, Doc files, etc even from third-party apps likeGoogle Drive, OneDrive.

WhatsApp is also now fully encrypted end-to-end by default, which means that man-in-the-middle attacks are no longer possible on WhatsApp chats, and no third-party can read or listen in to the conversations.

Source By indianexpress…